Buildings, towers, sculptures ... 10 wonders of the world created by humanity and some stories about them
1. Taj Mahal, Agra, India.
Legend has it that Shah Jahan had the architect's hands cut off so that he could not repeat this work anywhere in the world, so that the Taj Mahal would be unique. In addition, the straightness in the lines of the construction is due to the fact that the creator of this building designed the structures slightly outwards, in this way also, in the event of an earthquake, the mausoleum of Shah Jahan would remain intact.
2. Burj Khalifa, Dubai, UAE.
The numbers that move around this tower are to remove the hiccups. Two examples: it cost $ 1.3 trillion; and it is the tallest building in the world thanks to its 828 meters high (more than double that of the Eiffel Tower). To withstand the strong winds in the area and possible earthquakes, the macro-building is designed with a “reinforced core”, three wings fixed at 120º to each other, anchored around a central axis. Each wing is compatible with the others, so when the wind blows on two of the wings, the third one resists the force.
3. Moai, Easter Island (Rapa Nui), Polynesia.
More than one legend rests on these statues, among others, the disappearance of the inhabitants of Easter Island. It is not known how they were transported (one of the great unknowns): if with logs, but this would have facilitated the extinction of the forests; or without them, dragging them, but this would have wiped out the ground causing poor harvests, famine, war and cannibalism.
4. Stonehenge, England.
It has even been speculated with Aliens or druids as possible builders of this constellation of stones. But why was it built? Recent evidence suggests that it was built to celebrate the transition to winter and not the transition to summer as previously thought. Most of the monuments are lined up at midwinter sunrise and sunset.
5. Eiffel Tower, Paris France.
Built for the 1889 World's Fair, Alexander Gustave Eiffel himself was the first to climb the 1,710 steps to the summit. He himself financed most of the construction; construction that managed to raise a million dollars the first year only in ticket sales. On the other hand, the Eiffel Tower was used as a radio antenna from which the Germans sent coded signals to their forces during World War II. Today, fifty tons of paint are used to coat it every seven years.
6. Big Wall, China.
Initially built with stones and mud in the 5th century BC, it was not until the 16th century that it developed under the Jiajing Empire. Millions of workers were recruited to work from sunrise to sunset on this mammoth work, of which records affirm that each three-kilometer stretch was lifted by three thousand men working 600 days. You calculate. And despite being the only element visible from space, in reality, the Great Wall can only be seen with a special lens of a special camera from low Earth orbit.
7. Angkor Wat, Cambodia.
The empire of the temples was a city of a million people, of whom 300,000 workers (and 6,000 elephants) were recruited to build it. It took only 35 years, when for most of the temple centuries are destined to raise them. And more significant is this figure if we take into account that Angkor Wat is believed to be the largest religious complex in the world. Each of the more than three thousand seductive nymphs carved on the walls is unique.
8. Machu Picchu, Peru.
During its construction, the Incas did not use wheels to transport the blocks. Instead, they are believed to have been dragged by hand down the slopes, as bumps have been found on some stones (suggesting they were grips for workers' hands). Ingenious solutions were employed to counteract the earthquakes: L-shaped corners, inward sloping doors and windows, and no mortar was used between the stones so that, if shaken, they could be moved and relocated without collapsing.
9. Khazneh, Petra, Jordan.
Immortalized in movies like Indiana Jones, a nearby grave suggests that Khazneh was probably carved from top to bottom.
10. Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt.
The Great Pyramid of Giza, the only surviving member of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world, was the tallest construction until the end of the 19th century, until the Eiffel Tower appeared (1889). The pyramid was created to house only three burial chambers and for this it required the hands of around 30,000 people, skilled workers and not slaves as was thought.